Delhi ~ The Heart of India.
Delhi is the capital city of the largest democratic country of the world. India is such a huge and diverse place, that it is impossible to see it in one birth. While you may not be able to visit all the other places in India, you can visit mini India. This mini India is none other than Delhi. Delhi is rich in history, culture, architecture, human diversity, monuments, museums, galleries, gardens and development. Being the capital city, Delhi is a very busy city. Life in Delhi is very fast-paced. Delhi is truly a cosmopolitan city where people are willing to embrace new ideas and lifestyle. Delhi has always changed with time but it has never shelved the past. There are discos for youngsters to swing their body through out the night, as well as religious places where people throng in deference.
Delhi is the most preffered destination of the tourists visiting India during their vacations. There are many places to visit in Delhi which consists of magnanimous historical monuments, quaint gardens & museums and kosher religious places that will make you fall in love. Delhi is a popular place and is well connected from the all the major Indian Cities by Railways, Roadways and Airways network. The tourists can arrive New Delhi by flights at New Delhi Indira Gandhi InternationalAirport or by trains at New Delhi Railway Station, Old Delhi Railway Station and Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station.
Delhi is amongst one of the destinations which lie in Indian Golden Triangle, the other two cities being Agra & Jaipur famous for Taj Mahal & historical forts. Apart from holding a glorious past, Delhi is also a metropolitan city with tall skyscrapers, prosperous economy and a bustling life. Hence, presenting a unique blend of mordenity along with antiquity. During a visit to Delhi one can still feel the life lived by the royal rulers & princes who ruled this majestic capital city with bravery.
Best Places To Visit In Delhi
When it comes to exploring the Best Places in Delhi, its very hard to decide as the list is never ending. There are many places to see & explore to experience and thoroughly enjoy the cultural diversity and flavours of the Capital State of India. hence, to make your search easy we have divided them into 4 categories which are :
1) Monuments & Forts
2) Religious Places
3) Parks & Gardens
4) Other Places To Visit In Delhi
Monuments & Forts Of Delhi
Red Fort / Lal Qila
Shah Jahan, the Mughal emperor, laid the
foundation of Red Fort in 1639 and it got completed in1648. This colossus citadel is built with red stone and that is how the fort got its name. The total area of this fort is about 2.41 Sq. Kms. The fort is octagonal in shape. A wide moat that was originally connected with the river and was filled with water surrounds the fort. The main entrance to the Qila is through the Lahori Gate. Some of the main buildings to see within the fort are: Diwan-i-Am (hall of public audience), Diwan-i-Khas (hall of selective audience), The Hamam (the bathroom set), Moti Masjid (pearl mosque), Mumtaz Mahal (one of the main palaces) and Naubat Khana (music house). The National Flag of India is hoisted at the Red Fort every year on 15th of August, The Independence Day by The Prime Minister of India. This magnificent structure with its historical past is truly glorious and demands your visit.
The Humayun's Tomb was built by the orders of
Humayun's widow, Hamida Banu Begum, starting in 1562. It took 8 years for the tomb to get completed. The structure is built with red sandstone, whereas white and black marble has been used largely in the borders. This tomb is set in a geometrically arranged garden crisscrossed by numerous water channels. It is the first example of Mughal architecture, with high arches and double dome. Humayun's Tomb is one of the best-preserved Mughal monuments and most frequently visited place in Delhi.
Your trip to Qutub Minar will surely be fascinating
and memorable. This world heritage site is located inMehrauli, South of Delhi. This tallest brick tower in the world, built in 1193 AD, is named after Qutab-Ud-Din Aibak. He ruled initially from Lahore and later moved to the capital of India; he is considered the first Muslim ruler of South Asia. This tower was started by Qutub-ud-Din Aibak but was completed by his son-in-lawIltutmish and ultimately by Firoz Shah Tughlak. This tower is 72.5 Meters tall with 399 Steps leading to the top. The base is 14.3 Meters wide and the top floor is 2.75 Meters wide. While visiting this Minar, do not miss the nearby Iron Pillar which is the favourite attraction amongst the tourists.
Sawai Jia Singh II, a keen astronomer of Jaipur built Jantar Mantar in 1710 A.D.. Jantar Mantar is situated at Parliament Street, close to Connaught Place. Jantar Mantar is also known as Delhi Observatory. It is made of stone and marble. This structure consists of 14 geometric devices used for measuring Time, forecasting Weather Changes, predicting behavior of Planets and finding Extraterrestrial Altitude. It has always been a favourite place to visit for Architects, Historians and Scientists from all over the world. This popular tourist site will be a great place to explore. The structure is a masterpiece of Indian Architecture which shows the scientific acumen of ancient India.
Purana Qila / Old Fort
Purana Qila was constructed on the historic site of Indraprastha by Humayun and Sher Shah. The walls of the fort have 3 gates and are surrounded by a mat fed by the river Yamuna. The wall was built by Humayun while the buildings in the fort are attributed to Sher Shah. The structures that have survived in the fort are the Sher Mandal and the Qila-I-kholina Mosque. As a tourist, you will cherish to see the fort and its brilliant architecture.
India Gate being the famous landmark of New Delhi
is frequently visited by the tourists all over the world. It is one of the largest war memorials in India and commemorates the members of the former British Indian Army who laid their lives fighting for the Indian Empire in World War I and the Afghan Wars. The foundation stone for India Gate was laid in 1921 by The Duke of Connaught and was completed in 1931. This enormous structure was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens. After India's independence, India Gate became the site of the Indian Army's tomb of the unknown soldier, known as The Amar Jawan Jyoti. The 42 Meter high archway is made of red stone and has the name "INDIA" written on both sides. More than 70,000 names of soldiers are also inscribed on the arch. The archway is located on the Rajpath in New Delhi. This monument is surrounded by Lawns, Children's Park and a Boat Club. Locals and tourists who come to see this monnument gather near India Gate and spend their evenings in leisure.
Religious Places To See In Delhi
One of the most important historical and sacred pilgrimage destinations of the Sikh comunity, Gurdwara Bangla Sahib is the Haveli or Palace, where Guru Hari Krishan, the eighth Sikh Guru stayed during his tour to Delhi in 1664. The Guru was entertained as a royal guest by Mirza
This 100 acres of sprawling Hindu Temple is visited by thousands of people every day. Within Akshardham Temple, under the central dome, the statue of Bhagwan Swaminarayan is erected, which is 11 ft high. This statue is surrounded by other similar statues of the gurus of the sect. This is a very popular tourist spot. The temple was inaugurated in 2005. You can enjoy programmes in the IMAX theater as well as the musical fountain along with Swaminarayan Temple while exploring the Akshardham complex in Delhi.
The Lotus Temple, also known as the Baha'i House of Worship is named so due to its shape of lotus. This beautiful structure was opened to public in December 1986. The temple is so popular that it is one of the most visited places in the world. When you enter this temple, you have to maintain a pin drop silence. The atmosphere inside the temple is calm and serene. Visiting this temple is once in a lifetime experience.
Jama Masjid, located near the Red Fort was built
between 1644 and 1658 by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan. It is one of the last architectural works of Shah Jahan. Jama Masjid is the largest mosque in India. The architectural brilliance of this mosque makes it amongst the best place to visit in the capital state of Delhi. The first three storeys of the tower of the mosque is made of red sandstone, the fourth
one is made of marble, while the fifth is made of sandstone. The masjid is covered with intricate carvings and has verses inscribed from the Holy Quran. The spacious courtyard of the Jama Masjid can hold thousands of Islamic followers.
This temple is built by the Hare Rama
Hare Krishna cult followers. ISKCON Temple is dedicated to the Hindu God,
Lord Krishna. Being erected on a hillock, this complex is gracefully built and is one of the largest temple complexes in India. You will be impressed after seeing the temple and its propaganda throughout the world.
Gardens & Parks In Delhi
Garden of Five Senses
The Garden Of Five Senses is an interesting place to visit and the whole ambience leaves a deep feeling of satisfaction. This garden is located at Said-Ul-Aizab Village, close to Mehrauli heritage area in New Delhi. The garden of five senses stimulates all the five senses that awakens the mind to the beauty of life and invokes a gift of touch,sight, sound, smell and taste. You must visit this garden for an unforgettable and pleasant sight.
This park in Delhi is nature lover's paradise. The park has well trimmed lawns and it has soft grass lined with trees. A water body inside the Deer Park makes it even more picturesque and ideal for animal lovers. The park is located in the Hauz khas Village, Safdarjang Enclave and Delhi Lawn Tennis Associations Courts. You will be able to see spotted deers, peacocks, rabbits, guinea pigs and variety of birds. It is a perfect place in the middle of the city where you can find green patches.
This garden is spread across six hectares of the
Rashtrapati Bhavan Complex. Mughal Gardens were designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens forLady Harding. These gardens are planned according to formal Mughal Style along with the British garden designs. It has more than 250 variety of roses at one place, 60 kinds of Bougainvillea, and the best and largest collection of Indian Marigold and Dahlias of 13 different colors to see. The Bonsai collection is one of the finest in the country. You can visit these gardens only during the months of February and March, except on Mondays.
This Park is maintained by the Delhi Development
Authority. The Japanese Garden is situated in Rohini, Delhi. It has a beautiful lake, woods, boating facilities and the nature to explore. You will see
couples and families enjoying their evening in this garden.
Other Places to Visit In Delhi
Connaught Place is the most popular shopping center for tourists visiting Delhi. Named after the Duke of Connaught, to honor him on his visit to Delhi, its popularly known as C.P. Sprawling circular market decked up with spanking showrooms, eating-houses, bars, movie theatre, excellent bookshops; one can find almost everything here. Janpath, base of eminent political figures, various state-run emporia and handicrafts on Baba Kharak Singh Marg, and underground Palika Bazaar are the preffered places to visit in Connaught Place.
Indira Gandhi Memorial Museum
This museum was once the residence of the former Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi. It is same place where her own bodyguards assassinated her on 31st October 1984. After her assassination, it was later converted into a museum. This museum preserves her personal belongings, right from the sari she was wearing when she was assassinated to a collection of rare photographs of her family and the Nationalist movement. You will have a great time visiting this museum.
Rajghat is the cremation site of Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation. It is one of the most visited sites in Delhi. It comprises a simple square, black-marble platform that stands on the spot where Mahatma Gandhi was cremated. The entire area of Rajghat is surrounded by trees and you can see some of the most exotic shrubs of the country. This place is very green and peaceful. You can also visit the nearby cremation sites of popular politicians of India, such as Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi, Sanjay Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi and Lal Bahadur Shastri.
The architects of Parliament House are Sir Edwin Lutyens
and Sir Herbert Baker. It holds two Houses of Parliament, Lok Sabha (House of the People) and Rajya Sabha (Council of States). It was inaugurated in the year 1927 by the then Governor-General of India, Lord Irwin. This circular building houses ministerial offices, a number of committee rooms and a splendid library. Before visiting this place, you need to take prior permission from the Parliament Secretariat, if you are an Indian and foreigners can take permission through their Embassies or High Commissions.
Chandni Chowk, or 'Moonlight Square' is the most famous and historic street of Delhi, built around 300 years ago when the walled city of Shahjahanabad was established in the 17th century. The 'Trafalgar Square' of Delhi, Chandni Chowk Delhi is widely known for its century old heritage and meeting point of different cultures and traditions over the centuries.
Rashtrapati Bhawan is the current residence for the President of India. It was formerly known as 'Viceroy's House' and was occupied by the Governor-General of India, until independence.
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